Pain assessment and pain management are key parts of recovery from illness or injury. Everyone experiences pain differently. Health practitioners can use clinical indicators to assess and manage someone’s pain, but it is also important to know how the patient experiences and responds to pain and what possible cultural factors are involved.
Oral Health is the absence of active disease in the mouth and is essential to general health and quality of life. Optimum Oral Health, which is an expectation of all Australians, enables people to bite, chew, smile, speak and participate in their chosen roles without discomfort or embarrassment.
Strongyloides stercoralis (strong- gu-loy-dees stir-core-a-lis) is a worm that can burrow into people’s skin and make its way to the gut. It usually lives in the dirt anywhere that human faeces (poo) have been left. If someone stands on or sits on the ground where the worm is living, the young worms (the lavae) will feel the warmth of the person and head for that place.
Alcohol and drug use are important factors in determining a person’s health. Drinking alcohol over recommended limits, (even when not ‘alcoholic’), can increase the risk of disorders such as diabetes, cancer, depression and anxiety.
Diabetes is a disease that affects the body’s ability to control glucose (sugar) levels.
There are two main types of diabetes:
• Type 1 – when the body can’t produce enough insulin, which is a substance that helps control glucose. People with Type 1 diabetes need to be given injections of insulin to stay well.
• Type 2 – when the body is still making some insulin, but it is not able to be used properly by the body. Regular medication is needed to help control glucose.
Menopause means that a woman is at the end of her child-bearing days. A woman has reached menopause when they have not had a period (menstruation or monthly bleeding) for at least a year. This usually can be at any age between 45 and 55 ¹